Annuals or perennials. Leaves with or without pseudopetioles. Ligule a fringed membrane. Inflorescence of unbranched branches. Spikelets paired, both pedicellate, but often in long-andshort combinations. Upper glume and both lemmas with the apex crested, blunt, hard and laterally compressed, crest of the upper lemma greenish. 2n ¼ 36. Twenty spp., Africa, Madagascar, India, SE Asia.